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Nader Shah

Nader Shah was an Iranian ruler who invaded India. He was the founder ruler of the Afshar dynasty. The Afshar dynasty came up in 1736 and went down in the year 1747. In the Iranian history, Nader Shah is a well marked ruler.


Nader Shah is compared with the Napoleon and is known as the “Napoleon of Iran”. He was a great ruler who restored the pieces of Iranian politics and its integrity.


All about Nader Shah:

Nader Shah was known as Nader Qoli Beg. This Iranian ruler was born on 22nd October 1688, in Kobhan in Iran. Nader Shah created his empire in India after invading Indian regions from northern India to the Caucasus Mountains. Nader was a charismatic ruler who had no rules behind his success.


Nader Shah had no royal blood, but he had proved to be a true ruler. He was a Turk by birth, but proved to be an example of Iranian valor. He is also known as the Shahanshah of Persia. His strength and power had increased so much, that he captivated Shah Tahmasp II and he conspired to be the next Shah ruler of the Safavid dynasty.


Nader Shah’s journey to fame:

This Shah ruler was not a great administrator after all. He conspired and made his way to the throne of the Safavid dynasty, bringing it to an end. He captured the king and killed his 8 months old son tactfully, to become the successor to the throne himself. Nader Shah moved forward to invade several regions of the Caucasus. These regions are the present Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan.


Invasions of Nader Shah:

Nader Shah had been famous for his cruel invasions. He invaded Khandhar, Peshawar, Kabul, and Ghazni and also entered Delhi. Delhi had a bad time under Nader Shah. There was a rumor after Delhi was captured by Nader Shah, that he has been assassinated. This resulted into a severe punishment in form of massive killings and plundering by the Persian troop, ordered by Nader Shah. This cruelty came to an end only with Mohammad Shah begging for mercy and handing over his royal treasury keys to Nader Shah.


The Downfall of Nader Shah:

Nader Shah had been famous for his cruel invasions. He invaded Khandhar, Peshawar, Kabul, and Ghazni and also entered Delhi. Delhi had a bad time under Nader Shah. There was a rumor after Delhi was captured by Nader Shah, that he has been assassinated. This resulted into a severe punishment in form of massive killings and plundering by the Persian troop, ordered by Nader Shah. This cruelty came to an end only with Mohammad Shah begging for mercy and handing over his royal treasury keys to Nader Shah.


The Downfall of Nader Shah:

Nader Shah was a cruel and wicked ruler. He had kidnapped the Safavid dynasty’s ruler and killed his son. He had blinded his son, just because he could not carry out an assassination properly. Out of remorse, for this act of his, he assassinated many more people. Later, he himself was assassinated by captain of the guards. He was succeeded by a nephew Adil Shah. Adil Shah too proved to be a cruel ruler and murdered and blinded few of the sons of Nader Shah. Adil Shah was later blinded by Ibrahim, his brother. Ibrahim too was put to death and the blinded son of Nader Shah, Shah Rukh was enthroned. This brought the Afshar dynasty to an end.


Nader Shah was a ruthless ruler who practiced cruelty towards his subjects as well his own family. He was notoriously famous leader and very aptly compared to the Napoleon.